Osteoarthritis is a predominant condition affecting a vast majority of people. Earlier osteoarthritis was associated only with aging or older population. But with increased luxurious and decreased activity or in other words sedentary lifestyle and poor posture has caused the increased prevalence of this condition. Osteoarthritis is prevalent in the female population in comparison to the males. Osteoarthritis is the prevalent in India in about 22%-39% population. According to estimates, Osteoarthritis affects about 1 in 5 people in the age group of 35-40 years and about 1 in 3 people in the age group of 40-45 years.
What is osteoarthritis?
As the name is broke in to two parts, Osteo~ and ~arthritis that signifies bone and degeneration due to aging, hence osteoarthritis means degeneration of the bones that gives rise to osteoarthritic pain and hence restricting the lifestyle and in turn causing deterioration in the quality of the life of individuals. In females after menopause due to decrease in estrogen hormone and lower vitamin D level, chances of osteoarthritis increases. Even increased usage of NSAIDs or corticosteroids cause accelerated bone softening hence causing increased incidences of Osteoarthritis.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
- Dull aching pain over the joints such as knee pain, hip pain, leg pain or even shoulder pain.
- Increased body weakness and vague muscular pains.
- Swelling, redness and inflammation over the joints can be seen.
- Decreased range of motion of the joints.
Osteoarthritis versus Rheumatoid Arthritis:
It needs to be understood that both the diseases do not fall under the same category. As both are a form of arthritis, there presentation hence their prognosis varies to a large extent. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative bone disease without any soft tissue changes whereas in Rheumatoid arthritis is a hereditary disorder due to transmission of the Rheumatoid factor accompanied by many articular and non articular changes such as pannus formation and increased swelling and inflammation accompanied with change in weather.
Treatment of Osteoarthritis:
Treatment of osteoarthritis includes the following expertise to bring about a change in the quality of life of the individual:
- Physical Therapy
- Ergonomic changes
- Replacement surgery
The allopathy medicines such as NSAIDS are effective only in reducing the pain and inflammation associated during the active inflammatory phase of the disease. Sometimes, the condition is too acute and patient finds it difficult even to move, in such a case giving medicines or even injections to lower the pain is very essential and is the first step of the treatment. In about 10 percent of the population in India undergo the replacement surgery as these are found to be the last resort to prevent the symptoms and acceleration of the osteoarthritis.
In majority of the cases, physical therapy has found to be an effective and safe option in recovering from the symptoms of the osteoarthritis. Physical Therapy focuses on improving the muscle strength supporting the bones as muscles have found to be major supporters in taking the load of the body.
- Avoiding poor postures in your daily life.
- Start exercising
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating what is good for your health.
- Use western washrooms over the traditional Indian ones.
- Go for a morning walking daily for about 30-45 mins thus taking in fresh air and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
So grab your shoes and delay the symptoms of aging and in turn fight against osteoarthritis. Because todays Good Posture will bring Good news for Future.