For a toddler, all that matters is exploring the world she has been brought into. She loves inspecting every corner of the house and there should be no obstacles in her growing. Drippy nose, bellyache, dry coughs and fevers should not come in between her and all the wonderful things awaiting her attention. And not only her, these situations will make you unhappy and miserable too. So while you can, be aware of all the signs and remedies to help your newborn baby stay healthy.
Know it’s time to visit your doctor for your newborn baby care guide if you come to notice the following signs:
- High temperature
- Uncontrollable crying
- Lack of enthusiasm
- Having seizures
- Swelling of the fontanelle, the soft spot on the head
- Pain in any part of the body
- Rashes or purple splotches on skin
- Paleness or flushing
- Breathing problems
- Declining to be breastfed or even drink from the bottle
- Having trouble in swallowing
- Vomiting or diarrhoea
Let’s help you know more about the signs you should keep a track of:
Change in behaviour
A common and one of the early signs of being sick in toddlers includes alteration in their behaviour. Usually, if your child is energetic when awake, is well-fed and gets comforted if crying and there is not much difference in her activity level. But, if your baby seems lethargic or grumpy, it could mean that you should consult your newborn baby care guide soon as they may be referring to some illness present in her body.
If your new baby has limited or no energy and shows a diversion in her activity level, it could mean she is sick. If the sleeping hours are getting longer and they are facing problem in waking up for feeding, and even when awake, he/ she is lethargic or irritable, not active and is not responding to visual stimulation and sounds, you should get a little conscious. Inactivity can progress gradually with time, and you could face difficulty recognizing it. Lethargy generally indicates a common infection like a cold, whereas it could also point towards a critical infection like influenza or meningitis. It can also be a sign of any heart condition or blood disease like thalassemia. Therefore, as soon as you recognize your baby’s condition, make him pay a visit to his doctor.
If your new baby is not well, she might get inclined towards crying as for the baby it is the only manner communicating discomfort. But, some toddlers start crying inconsolably. The reason behind could be a condition known as colic, where babies cry uninterrupted for a few hours every evening. Colic may begin soon after birth and could keep going for the initial six weeks. A baby becomes irritable and fussy, adhering to long crying intervals when she is ill or in pain. It could also follow trembling. Irritability could refer to your baby having constipation, abdominal pain, an earache, viral or bacterial infection. If your newborn baby is fussy and continues to sob for longer than regular, let him see the doctor for examination.
In a newborn baby or an infant (from birth to three months), the foremost and the only sign of an alarming infection can be fever, even if it’s just a slight hype in the temperature. The baby should be brought to the doctor as early as possible. Fever usually indicates that your newborn’s baby is battling against some infection. Bacteria and viruses generally sprout at a temperature close to our normal body temperature. The body temperature increases when someone has a fever and this makes it tougher for the bacteria and viruses to live. Fever tends to trigger the immune system and arrange the infection-combating white blood cells into action. Fever, basically, is associated with common sickness like cold, sore throat and ear infection, but in a few cases, it could suggest something more serious. In some situations, fever does not respond well to the illness, but instead happens because of heat stroke or exhaustion. Heat exhaustion is caused by the hot weather when enough water does not reach your body. It is a serious illness, whose symptoms include dehydration, nausea, headache, fatigue, rapid breathing and weakness, whereas heat stroke is a lethal medical emergency which happens when the body turns so hot that it no longer is able to regulate the temperature.
How to treat fever in newborns?
Do not attempt using medication on your own to treat the fever if your baby is younger than one month. Take him to the doctor as soon as possible. Meanwhile, you can keep breastfeeding or feeding from the bottle normally, if he willingly asks for it. If he seems dehydrated, you may give him an electrolyte solution between the feedings or you can altogether substitute the feedings with the electrolyte solution. Talk to your doctor to be reassured. The indication of dehydration consists of a dry mouth, below six wet diapers a day, tearless and hollowed eyes, a sunken fontanelle, and dry skin. The baby can also be given a sponge bath using lukewarm water. Let the water evaporate from his skin to help him stay cool. Fever borne out of infection can be of great concern as newborn babies tend to fall sick quickly. Fortunately, their response to treatment is also quick, if the infection is determined within time and thus it is important that your newborn baby is brought to the doctor as early as you can.
If the infant suffers from aches and pains because of the fever, acetaminophen can help him feel better. If the fever is caused because of bacterial infection, it can be treated with antibiotics as antibiotics tend to kill the bacteria and thus lower the temperature. In some cases, antibiotics and acetaminophen are used at the same time to treat the fever. If the cause of fever is heat exhaustion or heat stroke, it can turn dangerous and might need immediate attention. To treat heat exhaustion, loosen the child’s clothing, encourage him to feed, and give him a cool bath. For heat stroke, take him to the physician immediately. By the time you are waiting for the medical help, keep your child indoors, undo his clothes and sponge him with cool water. We hope these newborn baby care checklist help you stay abreast with the signs your child is giving so that you can be of the best help to make him feel okay.
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